Volume 21, Number 1 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Spring 2014)                   Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2014, 21(1): 25-31 | Back to browse issues page


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Bazzazi N, . Akbarzadeh S, Yavarikia M, Hosseinpour Z. Epidemiologic Evaluation of Ocular Trauma in Patients Admitted to Ophthalmology Ward of Farshchian Hospital in Hamadan in 2012. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci . 2014; 21 (1) :25-31
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-101-en.html

Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Hamadan, Iran. , siakbarzadeh65@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (944 Views)

Introduction & Objective: Ocular trauma is one of the important reasons of visual loss which can cause multiple damages to eyelid, eyeball and adenexal tissues. Furthermore, ocular trauma is one of the major causes of unilateral blindness and the third leading cause of hospi-talization in ophthalmology wards. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of eye trauma at Farshchian hospital in Hamadan in 2012.

Material & Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 70 patients with ocular trauma, admitted to Farshchian hospital, were studied. We assessed the age, sex, job , educational level, location, cause of trauma, its type and site of injury. The data was analyzed by SPSS 16 software and t, Χ2 statistical tests.

Results: The mean age of patients in this study was 24.01 years (SD= 16.04). Among 70 patients, 58 people (82.1%) were males and 12 patients (17.1%) were females. The most com-mon cause of trauma was observed in 19 patients (27.1%). The most common location of the trauma in this study was homing, seen in 28 patients (40%). Among the 70 patients, 29 peo-ple (41.4%) had open globe injuries, 25 people had (35.7%) closed globe injuries, 5 patients (7.1%) had burning and 11 patients (15.7%) had adenexal injury.

Conclusions: The results showed that most ocular traumas occur in the early ages and in males. The most common type of them is open globe injury and the most common cause is a sharp object.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Special

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