Volume 19, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Spring 2012)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2012, 19(1): 70-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Sedighi I, Tanasan A, amshidi M. Recurrent Pneumonia due to Double Aortic Arch. Avicenna J Clin Med. 2012; 19 (1) :70-74
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-204-en.html
, asadolahtanasan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1600 Views)

Introduction: Pneumonia is one of the most common infections during childhood. In children with recurrent bacterial pneumonia complete evaluation for underlying factors is necessary. The most common underlying diseases include: antibody deficiencies , cystic fibrosis , tracheoesophageal fistula and increased pulmonary blood flow. Vascular ring and its pressure effect is a less common cause of stridor and recurrent pneumonia. Congenital abnormalities in aortic arch and main branches which form vascular ring around esophagus and trachea with variable pressure effect cause respiratory symptoms such as stridor , wheezing and recurrent pneumonia.

Case Report: A 2 year old boy was admitted in our hospital with respiratory distress and cough . Chest x-Ray demonstrated right lobar pneumonia. He had history of stridor and wheezing from neonatal period and hospitalization due to pneumonia for four times. The patient received appropriate antibiotics. Despite fever and respiratory distress improvement, wheezing continued. Review of his medical documents showed fixed pressure effect on posterior aspect of esophagus in barium swallow. In CT angiography we confirmed double aortic arch. Conclusion: Double aortic arch is one of the causes of persistant respiratory symptom and recurrent pneumonia in children for which fluoroscopic barium swallow is the first non-invasive diagnostic method.

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Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Special

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