Volume 14, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Summer 2007)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2007, 14(2): 56-60 | Back to browse issues page

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, dr_sh_mazaheri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1458 Views)

Introduction & Objective: Since the elimination of poliomyelitis from Iran, Guillain–Barre Syndrome (GBS) has been the leading cause of acute flaccid paralysis. There are a few studies concerning clinical and epidemiologic features of Guillain-Barré syndrome in our country, therefore we evaluated ten years clinical and epidemiologic features of GBS in Sina hospital, Hamadan, Iran.

Materials & Methods: In a retrospective descriptive study, we reviewed 80 records of patients with GBS who were hospitalized in Sina Hospital (Hamadan, Iran) during 1993-2003. Because of incomplete data we excluded 29 patients from the study. We evaluated clinical and epidemiologic features, risk factors, lab data and management protocols. Complete remission defined as complete improved patient four weeks after the GBS treatment and partial remission as the continuation of the symptom after that time. All the data extracted manually and analyzed with SPSS software.

Results: From 51 patients, 36 (70.59%) were men and 15 (29.41%) women, with a proportion of 2.4 men to 1 woman. The age ranged from 3 to 85 years. The highest frequency was observed in patients aged 11 to 20 (35.28%). 13 patients were student, 11 were house keeper, 11 were farmer, 7 were worker. 29 patients (56.84%) had risk factors like respiratory and gastrointestinal track infection, surgery and fever before the disease onset. Complete and partial remission occurred in 17 and 28 patients respectively and 5 patients did not improve. Management failure occurred in 3 (8.83%), 2 (22.23%) and 5 (62.5%) patients who underwent IVIG, plasmapheresis and corticosteroids respectively.

Conclusion: Our data was not similar to other studies in term of male to female proportion, age distribution and management protocols, therefore geographical pattern of the disease should be concerned for better patients’ management.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Special