Volume 21, Number 4 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Winter 2015)                   Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015, 21(4): 319-329 | Back to browse issues page


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Sobhan Ardakani S, Maanijou M, Asadi H. Investigation of Pb, Cd, Cu and Mg Concentrations in Groundwater Resources of Razan Plain. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci . 2015; 21 (4) :319-329
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-70-en.html

Assistant Professor, Department of Environment, School of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University Hamadan Branch, Hamadan, Iran. , sobhan@iauh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1075 Views)

Introduction & Objective: Iran is located in the dry and semi dry regions, thus almost 90% of the required fresh water is exploited from groundwater resources. Due to the increasing pol-lution of water resources, the purpose of this study was evaluation of Pb, Cd, Cu and Mg concentrations in groundwater resources of Razan Plain and preparing the zoning map using GIS.

 Materials & Methods: Groundwater samples were collected from 20 selected stations during two seasons in 2012. The samples were filtered (0.45 ?m) and maintained cool in polyethyl-ene bottles. The samples were taken for the analysis of cations, the former was acidified with HNO3 to pH lower than 2. Minor elements were determined using ICP-OES. All statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical package. Also, Kriging Method was used to prepare spatial distribution maps of elements in groundwater samples.

Results: The results showed that the mean concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Mg in the groundwater samples during the spring were 5.60±0.66, 0.21±0.04, 32.10±2.21 and 6990.0±302.10 ppb, respectively, and the mean concentrations of these elements in the groundwater samples in the summer were 4.86±0.46, 0.30±0.08, 25.55±3.63 and 3654.05±215.65 ppb, respectively. Comparing the mean concentrations of the evaluated metals with WHO permissible limits showed a significant difference (p<0.05). Thus, the mean concentrations of the metals were significantly lower than the permissible limits.

Conclusion: Although the groundwater resources of Razan Plain are not currently polluted with heavy metals, long-term excessive use of agricultural inputs and establishment of pollut-ing industries, can pose a threat to groundwater resources of this area.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Special

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