Ethical Statement

 | Post date: 2021/01/21 | 
Publication decisions
Based on the policy of the Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine, the editor-in-chief entitles the editors to apply the necessary changes (e.g., removal of insults and copied texts as well as a lack of plagiarism) with regard to the legal requirements during the review process.
Fair assessment of articles
The editor should review the articles regardless of the authors’ race, gender, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political orientation.
Confidentiality
The editor and staff writer should not disclose any information of the submitted article and transfer it only to the corresponding author, reviewers, consultants, editor, or publisher.
Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Disclosure of interests
The unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the written consent of the author.
Duties of reviewer
Contribution to editorial decisions
Reviewers should review the articles in accordance with the journal policy. They should communicate with the authors by leaving comments during the article review to help improve the manuscript.
Punctuality
Reviewers must review the articles without interruption. If it is not possible to review the manuscripts at the given time, they should inform the journal and announce their withdrawal from reviewing the manuscripts.
Confidentiality
Articles must be retained as confidential documents. The reviewers can only show the articles to the authorized editors.
Objective standards
The review should be real and explicit. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate and impermissible. Reviewers should express their views for the authors with reasoning.
Acknowledgment of sources
Reviewers must point out the published works of any relevance to the study that are not cited by the authors. Any statements that previously reported should be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer should also attend to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Duties of authors
Report honestly, completely, and lack of plagiarism
The authors first explain the importance of research and the objectives of their study. The underlying data should be presented accurately and honestly in the paper according to the sources. Authors should cite the name of the sources they used with regard to observing the ethical issues and lack of plagiarism.
Authorship and responsibility of paper
All the individuals who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study as a co-worker or other positions should be listed as the authors of the paper. The authors’ contributions and affiliations should be stated. All the authors of the submitted article should be aware of and approve the publication of the manuscript.
Reporting standards
The authors first explain the importance of research and the objectives of their study. The underlying data should be presented accurately in the paper according to the sources. Authors should cite the name of the sources they used with regard to observing the ethical issues and avoid plagiarism.
Authorship responsibilities
All the individuals who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study as a co-worker or other positions should be listed as the authors of the paper. The authors’ contributions and affiliations should be stated. All the authors of the submitted article should be aware of and approve the publication of the manuscript.
Responding to critique
After the review process, the author should apply the requested changes, and submit the raw data to the reviewer, if required.
Multiple or redundant publication
The author has no right to publish the same article in more than one journal or primary publication. Concurrent submission of the same manuscripts to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior, which is unacceptable.
Acknowledgment of sources
Authors should appreciate the journals, resources, organizations, and individuals whose data and assistance they have used during their research.
Financial interest disclosure
The authors should disclose all the sources of financial supports affecting the research process and results in the study.
Main errors in the publication
In the case of any discrepancy or error in the paper submitted to the journal, the authors should inform it immediately and take action to remove or change the respective section.
Data falsification/fabrication: Falsification is the changing or omission of research results (data), so that the results of the research are no longer accurately reflected. Fabrication is the construction and/or addition of data, observations, or characterizations that never occurred in the gathering of data or running of experiments. Both of these misconducts are fraudulent and seriously alter the integrity of research. Therefore, articles must be written based on original data and the use of falsified or fabricated data is strongly prohibited.
Journal's policy on plagiarism: If a manuscript is found to be under plagiarism, the author/authors will be blacklisted, and if their manuscript was published, it will be archived as a plagiarism article.
Plagiarism and Duplication: Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine handles the plagiarism and duplication with iThenticate 
 
 Examples of authors' violation of publication ethics:
1. Plagiarism: It refers to deliberate" use of "someone else's language, ideas, or another original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source". Even the use of another person's sentence or previous sentences without mentioning the source is considered plagiarism. All papers submitted to this publication are reviewed by plagiarism checker software.
 
2. Data fabrication and distortion: Fabrication signifies the case that the researcher has not conducted any study in practice but provided data and conclusion. Distortion occurs when a study is performed; nonetheless, the data and results are reported with alterations.
3. Concurrent submission: When a manuscript is sent to two journals simultaneously.
 
4. Duplicate submission: It occurs when two or more manuscripts have the same hypotheses, data, and results.
 
5. Redundant publication (also described as 'salami publishing'): this refers to the situation that one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals.
6. Author misrepresentation: All authors must have made substantial intellectual contributions to the study.
 
7. Reference manipulation: When several references are mentioned; however, they are not mentioned in the content of the text.

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