Volume 29, Issue 2 (Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine-Summer 2022)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2022, 29(2): 120-125 | Back to browse issues page

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1- School of Medical Sciences, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran , abolhasanhalvani@gmail.com
2- School of Medical Sciences, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (1313 Views)
Background and Objective: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is common during pregnancy and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including hypertension, preeclampsia, and low birth weight; therefore, screening pregnant women is of particular importance. This study aimed to assess OSAS risk during pregnancy in women referring to health centers in Yazd city, Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 pregnant women, who referred to Yazd health centers in 2020, were included in the study. Data collection tools included a demographic form and the STOP-BANG questionnaire to determine OSAS risk. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 16) using descriptive and inferential statistics and considering the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The mean scores of the participants' age and body mass index (BMI) were obtained at 28.44±5.74 years and 27.31±5.28 kg/m2, respectively. The frequency rates of diabetes and hypertension were 8% and 3.3%, respectively. It was found that 94.5% of the women were at low risk of OSAS, while 2.5% and 3% of them were at moderate and high risk, respectively. There was no association between diabetes and OSAS risk (P>0.05); however, a history of hypertension, BMI above 30 kg/m2, and age over 30 years were associated with increased OSAS risk and higher STOP-BANG score (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The STOP-BANG questionnaire is a simple tool for screening OSAS in pregnant women. Age over 30, BMI over 30 kg/m2, and a history of hypertension were associated with higher STOP-BANG scores; therefore, pregnant women with these characteristics are at higher risk for developing OSAS and are a higher priority for screening than other groups.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics & Gynecology

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