Volume 28, Issue 1 (Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine-Spring 2021)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2021, 28(1): 36-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Kermanian A, Esmail Khani N, Mokhtaree M, Sayadi A. Evaluation of Serum Levels of Vitamin D, Ferritin, and Hemoglobin in Suicide Attempters Admitted or Outpatients Referred to Hospitals and Psychiatric Clinics of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Avicenna J Clin Med 2021; 28 (1) :36-41
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2202-en.html
1- Assisstant Professor, Department of Pstchiatry, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
2- Medical Student, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
3- PhD Candidate of Psycholgy, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of medical sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran - Department of Education and Psychology, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
4- Assisstant Professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , sayadiahmad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2028 Views)
Background and Objective: Suicide occurs due to a variety of causes, from heredity and biological factors to environmental factors. The present study aimed to evaluate the serum levels of vitamin D, ferritin, and hemoglobin in patients with attempted suicide referring to hospitals and compare them with the control group.
Materials and Methods: A comparison was made between the serum levels of vitamin D, ferritin, and hemoglobin of 60 suicidal patients referring to Ali ibn Abitaleb hospital of Rafsanjan from March to september 2020 and those of 60 relatives of selected patients with no history of suicide. The control group completed the Beck Suicide Thought Questionnaire (BSTQ). Chi-square, ANOVA, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests were used to analyze the data.
Results: The serum level of vitamin D in Patient with attempted suicide was lower, compared to that in controls (P=0.025). Among the age group of 15-35 years, serum levels of vitamin D were lower than those in the control group (P=0.039). Moreover, serum ferritin level in the attempted suicide group was lower than that in the control group (P=0.003). Serum ferritin level was significantly lower among the suidide attempters aged 15-15 years (P= 0.003), men with attempted suicide (P= 0.003) and suicidal women (P= 0.045), as compared to the control group.
Conclusion: As demonstratedd by the results of the present study, vitamin D deficiency and anemia can be two major risk factors for suicide. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and treat these deficiencies in people with psychological disorders, such as depression.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry

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