Volume 14, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Spring 2007)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2007, 14(1): 17-21 | Back to browse issues page

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Maoofi Y, Dalimi Asl A, Ghaffari Far F, Khoshzaban F. In vitro Effect of Monosaccharides on the Virulence of Acanthamoeba Isolated from Patients with Amoebic Keratitis. Avicenna J Clin Med 2007; 14 (1) :17-21
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-440-en.html
1- , dalimi4@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4409 Views)

Introduction & Objective: Acanthamoeba is free-living amoeba that is found in soil, water, air as well as in human pharynx. Acanthamoeba is causative agent of granulomatose amoebic encephalitis (GAE) in immunosuppressed and AIDS individuals and amoebic keratitis in people who use the lens. Pathogenic species of Acanthamoeba have protein receptors named mannose binding protein (MBP). Acanthamoeba via MBP adhere to the glycoproteins included mannose. Acanthamoeba adhesion to the target cells induces a protease secretion is called mannose inducing protein-133 (MIP-133). Exogense mannose can inhibit the adherence of Acanthamoeba also, it can increase the cytopathatic effect (CPE) through increase the secretion of MIP-133. In the present work, the effect of monosaccharides on the virulance of Acanthamoeba isolated from patient with amoebic keratitis, in HeLa cell culture was investigated.

Materials & Methods: The isolates were cultured in HeLa cell culture, then 100, 50, 10, 1 and 0.1 mM of galactose, glucose and mannose were added to plates. Plates were observed with invert microscope in 8, 16, 32, 48, and 72 hours after culture.

Results: Data implicated that mannose (100 mM ) showed the highest effect on increasing cytopathy of Acanthamoeba in HeLa cell culture. Meanwhile, galactose (100 mM) increased the virulence of Acanthamoeba in the cell culture after 32 hours.

Conclusion: Adding mannose and galactose to HeLa cell culture contain Acanthamoeba can increase the virulence of the parasite significantly.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Other Clinical Specialties

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