Volume 12, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences-Autumn 2005)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2005, 12(3): 48-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Yousefi Mashouf R, Goodarzi M T, Azadi S. Typing of Typhoidal Salmonella Using Extraction of Water Soluble Whole Cell Proteins and Analysing by SDS-PAGE. Avicenna J Clin Med 2005; 12 (3) :48-52
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-536-en.html
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Abstract:   (3996 Views)

Introduction & Objective : Salmonella is one of the most important genus of Enterobacteriacea family. The aim of this study was typing of typhoidal Salmonella by SDS-PAGE and comparing the results with those of serotyping method.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 4 reference strains of Salmonella species, 5 reference strains of Enterobacteriacea family and 100 clinical isolates of Salmonella that were previously collected from laboratories of Hamadan medical centers were studied. Serotyping of strains were performed by Biomereux and Difco monovalent antisera. Whole-cell proteins of strains were also separated on 10% poly acrylamide gel. Gels were stained by Coomassie Brilliant Blue and analyzed by densitometry. 

Results: Of 100 cases of Salmonella species, 43 cases (43%) were S. typhi, 20 cases (20%) were S. typhymurium, 12 cases (12%) were S. para typhi B, 10 cases (10%) were S. para typhi C, S. para typhi A 1 case (1%) and other cases were non-typhoidal Salmonella. The results of serotyping were compared with the results obtained by SDS-PAGE. Many protein bands from 220 KDa to 18.5 KDa were detected by SDS-PAGE and they were used to differentiate the strains. S. typhi serotypes were divided into 5 sub-species and S. para typhi B and C were divided each into 3 sub-species. Protein profiles of the reference strains of Salmonella were compared with protein profiles of Enterobacteriaceae species and showed some differences in major protein bands, however, they had a very similar protein band in 43 KDa area.

Conclusion: Since our data was able to divide Salmonella species to sub-types and differentiate them from Enterobacteriacea species, we concluded that analsying SDS-PAGE profile of water soluble whole-cell proteins can be used for typing of these organisms and it is comparble with serotyping, nevertheless, further researches are needed to establish SDS-PAGE method and to replace it with serotyping method.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Other Clinical Specialties

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