Volume 30, Issue 4 (Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine-Winter 2024)                   Avicenna J Clin Med 2024, 30(4): 187-193 | Back to browse issues page

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Nazari A, Karim Ghasemi I, Sayadi A. Efficacy of Isosorbide in Post Extra Corporeal Shock Wake Lithotripsy Stone-Free Time. Avicenna J Clin Med 2024; 30 (4) :187-193
URL: http://sjh.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-2864-en.html
1- Department of Surgery, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
2- Department of Radiology, Clinical Research Development Unit, Moradi Hospital, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
3- Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , sayadiahmad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (509 Views)
Background and Objective: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is mong the the low-risk treatment methods of treating kidney stones. Specialists are looking for ways to remove small stones caused by ESWL in patients as soon as possible. The present study aimed to determine the effect of isosorbide on the duration of renal pelvis excretion after ESWL.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 176 patients with renal pelvis < 20 mm, who were referred to the ESWL Department of Moradi Hospital, Rafsanjan, Iran, in 2019, were examined. After lithotripsy, the patients were randomly assigned into two intervention groups of receivers of isosorbide 20 mg tablets every 12 hours for two weeks and placebo control for two weeks. The collected data was analyzed using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests.
Results: The success of ESWL was 78.2% in the isosorbide group and 77.5% in the placebo group (P=0.919). The average duration of stone excretion in the isosorbide group was 4.21 ± 1.05 days, and the placebo group was 4.79 ± 1.16 (P=0.001). In the isosorbide group, the duration of stone excretion in patients with stone size 16-20 mm was less than 16 mm (P=0.011). The average duration of stone excretion in patients 36-55 years old (P=0.021) and patients with right-sided stones (P=0.008) in the isosorbide group was less than the placebo group.
Conclusion: Isosorbide, accompanied by other treatments, reduced the duration of stone excretion after ESWL. Moreover, although Isosorbide can be used to improve the management of patients with kidney stones, more studies are needed to confirm this finding.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Urology

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